Mastering barbecue brisket is a badge of honor for the home pit master. It’s not about finding the perfect recipe either. By learning the right process and using simple but quality ingredients you’ll be setting yourself up for success.
We created this 6-step checklist to help guide you through the various stages of smoking a perfect brisket. Learning to smoke brisket is a great way master many of the skills required for low and slow cooking so what you learn here will make you a better all-around pit master.
Choosing and trimming your brisket
The problem most people have with brisket is that it’s a tough cut of meat. This makes it perfect for low & slow cooking.
When selecting your brisket look for marbling and a thick flat so the leaner part will cook at almost the same rate as the larger point.
- Use a good narrow curved boning knife for trimming the brisket
- If you don’t trim any fat off the brisket it will taste too fatty, but trimming too much will make your brisket dry. Aim for around 1/4″ of fat.
- Brisket is much easier to trim when it’s still cold so trim it right after you take it out of the fridge.
- There is a thick membrane called the deckle that will not render out during cooking which you need to cut out.
- Trim off any bits which are significantly thinner than the rest as they will cook too fast and burn.
- Think about where the heat will be coming from and how the brisket will be placed on your cooking surface. Areas that run hotter can have a little more fat to help protect the meat.
Applying the rub
While some people like to get creative with fancy rubs, mops, marinades and sauces, there’s nothing better than traditional Texas style brisket with a simple salt and pepper rub.
At this point some people let the brisket warm up to room temperature for an hour before putting it on the smoker.
Others argue that putting the brisket on cold helps it develop a better smoke ring. so feel free to experiment here.
- For a basic Texas rub use even parts salt & black pepper
- Invest in a rub shaker and use it to apply home made or store bought rubs and easily get an even coat on your brisket.
- The biggest mistake people make is putting on too much rub. You want to be conservative with the rub so that the meat flavor stands out.
Firing up your smoker
Getting your smoker setup correctly and placing your brisket will help ensure it cooks evenly and develops a rich bark and smoke ring.
- Get your smoker to a stable temperature between 225 – 250°F
- A good rule of thumb for working out how long it’s going to take to cook is 1 hour – 1 hour and 15 minutes per LB of brisket at 250°F. Every brisket is different though.
For some reason the way you place your brisket on the smoker can be quite a hot debate. Before you decide you’re in team fat up or fat down, let’s figure out what the fuss is about. The reason most people say fat side down, is because on most smokers the heat comes from below.
- Depending on your smoker, if the heat is coming from below, consider smoking fat-side down to protect the muscle from drying out too much.
- Place the fattier point of the brisket closer to the fire. The extra fat will help insulate it.
- The flat end of the brisket should be closer to the smoke stack.
- Always use a water pan to help keep moisture in the cooking chamber and avoid burning.
Smoking your brisket
While this step takes the longest by far, it’s also the easiest step. Most of the time doing nothing is a safe bet! While you need to keep a close watch on the fire and keep the temperature steady, it’s important to leave the lid on and not check the meat too often.
This is where having a quality dual probe thermometer comes in incredibly handy. We are big fans of the Smoke by Thermoworks. It’s a rugged unit that can withstand a beating. It’s also super simple to program, and the large display is easy to read from a distance.
The hand held receiver allows you to go to bed and the alarm and vibrating alarm will wake you up if your smoker gets too hot or too cold.
If you’re using something like a pellet grill or electric smoker that struggles to generate enough smoke to produce a good smoke ring, you may want to consider using a smoke generator like the Amazen Pellet Tube Smoker.
What to do while your brisket is cooking
When the lid of the smoker is open you’re losing heat and smoke and it’s going to take awhile to recover the heat. “If you’re looking you ain’t cooking”.
- Avoid choking off the oxygen too much which can cause a ‘dirty fire’. This can cause a bitter, oversmoked taste.
- Use a dry wood like hickory, apple, oak or pecan. Avoid green wood or overly cured wood.
- You want to see clean heat coming out of the smoker and not a lot of smoke.
So aim to check it as little as possible, and if it’s looking dry consider using a spray bottle with some apple juice or apple cider vinegar.
Wrapping and dealing with the stall
To wrap or not to wrap, that is the question. Wrapping in foil is a controversial topic that can lead to fights. You can wrap the brisket after around 4-6 hours or you can cook for 11 or 12 hours and never need to wrap.
- It can help accelerate the cook time if your guests are getting impatient.
- It can help to retain moisture and cook faster.
- If the meat has taken on too much smoke wrapping can prevent it getting too bitter.
- Wrapping can also damage the bark on your brisket.
This is definitely something you can experiment with and decide what works best for you in different situations.
In this case we’re going to wrap. When the internal temperature of your brisket hits around 160°F -170°F the temperature can stall as the brisket tightens up and squeezes out moisture.
- Carefully remove the brisket and place it on a large sheet of foil or butcher paper.
- Wrap it up tight using two layers and then add back to your smoker until it reaches an internal temperature of 185-195°F
At this point you might want to start cooking your BBQ sauce and sides
Resting and slicing your brisket
Once you’ve taken the brisket off the cooker it’s still not ready to eat. It’s important to let it rest. Wrap the brisket in butcher paper or foil and then a towel and leave it in a cooler for at least one hour but up to 4 is fine.
Brisket is a very uneven cut of meat. Some parts are fatty, some are lean some are thick and some are thin. It can take a while to learn to slice it so don’t worry if it’s not perfect the first time. When it’s rested for at least an hour it’s ready to slice:
- Cut the against the grain on the flat side until you get to the point. And then turn the brisket 90 degrees and then cut against the grain.
- Try and avoid scraping off the bark.
- Use a 12″ serrated knife
- Cut each slice around the thickness of a big pencil on the fattier part and a small pencil on the leaner part.
- If you’re not going to use it right away leave the brisket whole and cut it just before serving so it doesn’t dry out.
OK there’s actually a 7th step but we didn’t think we had to tell you to eat the brisket! By this point you’ve been waiting for hours and hours and it’s time to tuck into a well deserved feast.
If you’ve followed the steps in this guide, your brisket should be moist, with a rich bark and a satisfying smoke ring.
Having said that, it can take several tries before you get every little detail right. Don’t be upset if parts of the brisket are a little dry, or the smoke ring isn’t perfect.
Hopefully you’ve found this guide helpful, and be sure to let us know in the comments below if you have any tips we’ve missed.